Pros & Cons of Programming Languages - Ruby vs. PHP
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Ruby and PHP are both well-known programming languages used by web developers all over the world. There are definitely plenty developers out there who hold expertise over both of the two programming languages. Both programming languages were developed around the same time. Here, we will first talk a little about the both of the languages, giving you a bit of their backgrounds, and then compare their own syntax and code behaviorisms and how this affects development using the two languages.

Background Information

What is PHP?

PHP is a server-side scripting language. It was originally designed for web development but is also used for general programming. PHP originally spelt out Personal Home Page but now it stands for Hypertext Preprocessor. The PHP Group launched its first version, PHP 1.0, back in June 1995, with its latest release of PHP 7.0 a couple months back in October 2015. PHP was first designed by Rasmus Lerdorf for cross-platform web development. C is the implementation language for PHP. It was influenced by Perl, C, C++, Java, and Tcl. PHP was used for Wikipedia, Udemy and Facebook development.

What is Ruby?

Ruby is a programming language built with a general purpose in mind. Yukihiro “Matz??? Matsumoto developed and designed this programming language in Japan, and the first version launched in December 1995 and named Ruby 0.95. The latest release took place in December 2014, called Ruby 2.2.0 and came with considerable speed and bug fixes and library updates. The expired or old APIs were also removed with the latest version of the programming language. Ruby was influenced by a larger number of others: Ada, C++, CLU, Eiffel, Lua, Lisp, Perl, Dylan, Python, and Smalltalk. Ruby was used for Twitter, Hulu and Groupon development.

Comparison of Programming Languages

The syntax or correct arrangement of letters and symbols is what differentiates one programming language from another, the way it is in any spoken language. For example, Chinese symbols and letters are completely different from those in the English language, changing the way both are written and their resultants.

Likewise, programming languages also give separate outlooks as a result of the difference in their symbol, letter and separator placements. Each factor aids towards the many differences in the final outlook of the completed website, web app, or mobile application. We are going to compare two such languages whose purposes and syntax, both are very different from each other, Ruby vs. PHP.

Similarities in Ruby and PHP

While there are some definitive differences in both the languages used worldwide, there are a bunch of similarities present too:

  1. Both are dynamically typed and the developer need not worry about the specific variable declaration.
  2. Some of the variables used in coding start with $ in both the languages.
  3. Arrays and hashes work the same way in both, too.
  4. The public, protected, and private classes’ access control is in the hands of the developer.
  5. Presence of the “eval??? the syntax which evaluates the required string in order to return the desired results.
  6. String interpolation can be used in both and neither languages support it for strings with single quotes.
  7. Both languages come with adequate standard libraries.
  8. True and False codes operate similarly to PHP, except that “null??? is “nil??? in Ruby.
  9. Both support heredocs – a part of source code treated as a separate file.

Differences in Ruby vs. PHP

Now that we have listed some of the resemblances in the two languages, we will discuss how they are not the same in all other aspects.

  1. PHP was developed as a server-side, website and web application development programming language, but now is also used as a general purpose language.
  2. Ruby, however, was built as a general purpose, aspect-oriented programming language at the same time as PHP and is intended for scripting, the web, and application development.
  3. PHP uses semicolon separators in syntax and coding.
  4. Ruby uses newline termination (and semicolon separators as secondary).
  5. In Ruby, you must specify the shift between method calling of integers, shifts, etc.
  6. Unless a parameter must be clarified, parentheses are optional in calling methods.
  7. Unlike in PHP, everything from classes to integers is all objects, considering the fact that Ruby is an object-intensive programming language.
  8. Troubleshooting in PHP is fairly easy; errors are the main focus and the changes made can be easily reloaded.
  9. However, in Ruby, troubleshooting is a tricky task and does not focus on the errors that must be fixed or removed.
  10. PHP is simple and requires minimum learning to start coding in it.
  11. The creator of Ruby said that he was “trying to make Ruby natural, not simple??? in order to provide a tool as close to reality as possible, in a way.
  12. PHP can be deployed on most web servers and runs on most of the platforms and operating systems.
  13. The syntax of Ruby is highly flexible to the point of embed capability with HTML, along with providing better security and safety features.
  14. Programming, updates, and development in Ruby is comparatively slower than most other languages.
  15. PHP objects are opposite of most of the other languages; they are CallByValue.
  16. PHP provides generally lower security as compared to Ruby.

 

According to LinkedIn as of April 2015, there were 1,956,497 people results, 2,050 groups and 21,170 companies offering PHP development services. However, the results for Ruby were extremely low; there were only 375,076 people results, 699 groups and 5,098 companies offering Ruby development services on LinkedIn, worldwide. Using the information given, you can choose your desired programming language for development of your application or website.

At DevBatch, not only do we provide quality assured web and mobile app development, we can also help you make a decision if you’re stuck somewhere along the way. Read about our PHP development and Ruby on Rails development for more information on the diverse and customized services we provide. We have hired PHP developers with experience and expertise. Our Ruby developers work on the Rails framework; hire a Ruby on Rails developer today.

Call us now and Get A Free Quote for our web and mobile app development services in either of the two programming languages, as we have developers who hold expertise in both fields. You could also Contact Us for advice on PHP or Ruby as the correct programming language for you.

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